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  Artemisia Geyser
Feature Type: Geyser
Geyser/Spring Type: Fountain geyser

Upper Geyser Basin
Cascade Group

Artemisia has one of the prettiest pools visible in the Upper Geyser Basin. The name is due to the color of some of the sinter around the geyser. The people who named Artemisia thought that the pale green-gray sinter was similar in color to sagebrush (Artemisia).

Artemisia's highly variable intervals range from 9 to 34 hours, durations range from 15-30 minutes and heights can reach 30 feet.
Artemisia infrequently has minor eruptions. Minor eruptions last about five minutes, requiring about two hours for the pool to refill afterwards. Minor eruptions are often followed by a major eruption about 6 hours later.

Artemisia is next to the old road. The road bed at this point was raised above the geyser. Sitting on the edge of the old road provides an excellent view into Artemisia's large blue pool. Artemisia's eruptions are not overly tall but they put out a huge amount of water and are fun to watch, hear and feel.

What to look for:
After a major eruption, Artemisia's pool drops about two feet. The pool slowly rises and reaches overflow about 5 hours later. From this point until just prior to the eruption, Artemisia overflows gently. As far as anyone has determined, Artemisia gives no indication that it is about to erupt. Suddenly, the water rises and there is a massive overflow,which by convention, is the start of the eruption. This is fun to watch. The massive overflow lasts about 2-5 minutes and then the pool starts to boil and erupt. During the early portion of the eruption, strong underground thumping can be felt and heard as steam bubbles in the plumbing system of the geyser collapse. This strong thumping is one of the unique features of this geyser. It is one of the main reasons many people are willing to wait hours to see an eruption.

Electronic Monitor Files
Artemisia 2000 eruptions.TXTArtemisia 2001 eruptions.TXT
Artemisia 2002 eruptions.TXTArtemisia 2004 eruptions.TXT
Artemisia 2005 eruptions.TXTArtemisia 2006 eruptions.TXT
Artemisia 2007 eruptions.TXTArtemisia 2008 eruptions.TXT
Artemisia 2009 eruptions.TXTArtemisia 2010 eruptions.TXT
Artemisia 2011 eruptions.TXT 

Some of the temperature data used to derive the eruption times and durations used in this section were collected by Ralph Taylor under a National Park Service research permit, and the remainder was collected by personnel working for the Geology Department of the Yellowstone Center for Resources (including Ralph Taylor). The loggers are a combination of loggers owned by the NPS and Ralph Taylor. Analysis of the raw temperature data to extract the eruption data was performed by Ralph Taylor. The eruption time files on this website may be used provided that Yellowstone National Park is credited for the temperature data and Ralph Taylor is credited for the eruption times.

Activity in 2011
Activity in 2010
Activity in 2009
Activity Recorded by Data Logger - by Ralph Taylor  

A data logger has been deployed at Artemisia Geyser since October of 2000. We have attempted to obtain a continuous record of Artemisia’s activity since that time, but the record has several gaps caused by equipment failure or our inability to recover the data in wintertime.

The sensor for Artemisia is located in one of the runoff channels about a meter from the edge of the main platform and about five meters from the edge of the pool. The sensor easily detects the temperature rise signifying the wave of hot water resulting from the eruption start. Electronic times are recorded to the nearest minute currently, but in the earlier deployments sample intervals of five minutes were used during the winter and 30 seconds was used in summertime when more frequent downloads were performed.

Activity in 2008  
The overall eruption interval statistics for 2008 are shown here

The activity of Artemisia Geyser in 2008 is shown in the graph at the right. The blue line shows all of the eruption intervals and the yellow line shows the 1-week moving median interval. The straight red line is a linear regression fit, included to show the general trend of intervals.

There is a gap in coverage of 15 hours on 8 January and another from 23:23 (MDT) on 12 April to 11:00 on 18 April. The first gap was caused by the logger filling; the second occurred when the logger stopped for an unknown reason.

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The next graph shows the interval distribution for 2008. The width of the peak shows the uncertainty in intervals. Blue shows the intervals for the whole year to date, maroon shows the previous month, and yellow the previous week. Note that in this and the other histograms displayed here the labels shown on the X-axis represent the upper boundary of the class, not the midpoint. Geyser times are traditionally truncated. The graph at the right has class widths of 60 minutes. The bar appearing above the label "22:00," for example, contains intervals from 21h01m through 22h00m.

There is no clear peak in the distribution. Intervals vary from 12 to 30 hours with no particular interval being favored. In 2008 catching an eruption of Artemisia was more a matter of good luck than good planning.

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Activity since October 2000  
One way to present the eruption interval data is to graph the interval as a function of time. The graph shown at the right shows all of the electronically recorded intervals since 2000. The gaps in 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004 are many weeks long and resulted from logger failures. We were somewhat more successful in 2005 but there is a gap in July caused by yet another failure. The 2007 data is complete and the 2008 data has a 15 hour gap in early January and a six day gap in April when the logger filled. The 2009 data is complete up to the January download. The 2010 data is fragmentary until April due to logger technical issues.
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The interval graph shows the large variation in interval from one eruption to the next. A better idea of the change in intervals over time can be seen from the graph of the 1-week moving median intervals, shown at the right. From both graphs the sharp drop in intervals from late winter of 2002 to about June of 2002 shows clearly. Since that time intervals have generally risen to even longer than at the start of the data, and the variation from day to day and week to week has grown substantially since 2005.
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The chart at right shows how the maximum, minimum, mean, and median intervals for each month have changed. Note that since July 2004 Artemisia's intervals have steadily increased until midyear in 2006 when they stabilized. The maximum intervals in 2007 were quite a bit higher than previous years, even in the summer months. The low minimum intervals in July 2005 represents two minor eruptions (see below). The average interval has remained between 18 and 21 hours since early 2006.
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Activity in 2007
Activity in 2006
Activity in 2005

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The above picture shows the large overflow and upwelling at the start of the eruption. Note the copious water covering the entire platform and washing down the runoff channels.

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Please note - this site is currently under constuction. Please visit for more information.  Last update 01-29-2017

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